Eye Disease Diagnosis & Management in Calgary

Book Appointment

Detecting & Diagnosing Eye Diseases

An eye exam is an important part of preventative healthcare. Not only will your optometrist ensure your eyewear prescription is providing the vision you want, during an eye exam they’ll also check for the development of eye diseases.

Many eye diseases can damage your vision permanently and many progress without any noticeable symptoms, particularly in the beginning.

Early identification is crucial to the treatment and management of eye diseases. If your optometrist catches them early enough, they may be able to slow down progression or prevent vision loss.

Your sight is precious. Safeguard it today with a comprehensive eye exam.

Book Appointment

Diabetic Eye Diseases

People with diabetes are at an increased risk of eye diseases. Diabetic retinopathy and diatbetic macular edema can lead to irreversible vision loss.

Diabetic retinopathy often progresses slowly and, like many eye diseases, may not present visible symptoms until irreversible vision loss occurs. Diabetic macular edema is quite serious and can impact the ability to read, write, drive, and recognize faces.

Both conditions can be identified early with a comprehensive diabetic eye exam. If you have diabetes, book your appointment now.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases generally characterized by damage to the optic nerve, usually by high intraocular pressure.

Pressure builds up inside the eye, damaging the optic nerve and causing irreversible vision loss. Often, the progression of glaucoma is slow and symptom-free, earning the disease the nickname "the silent thief of sight."

There are several types of glaucoma:

Open-Angle Glaucoma

Fluid buildup caused by blockage of the eye’s drainage channels can increase intraocular pressure (IOP) and cause open-angle glaucoma. Generally, peripheral vision is the first thing impacted, followed by central vision.

Angle-closure glaucoma occurs when the space between the iris and cornea narrows, trapping fluid in the eye. When the pressure rises as a result of this fluid, angle-closure glaucoma occurs.

It can appear suddenly (acute) or progress gradually (chronic). Acute angle-closure glaucoma is a medical emergency. Sudden onset headaches, blurry vision, eye redness, or halos appearing around lights mean you should call your optometrist immediately.

Secondary glaucoma occurs when intraocular pressure is caused by eye trauma, injury, or infection.

When the optic nerve is damaged but intraocular pressure remains within normal range, normal-tension glaucoma may be the cause.

Glaucoma risk factors may include:

  • A family history of glaucoma
  • Extreme refractive errors
  • Past eye injury or trauma
  • Use of certain medications
  • Heart disease, diabetes, or high blood pressure

Cataracts

As you age, the clear lens of your eye can harden and become opaque. This is called a cataract. They are often the result of the normal aging process, though they can appear congenitally in children.

Symptoms of Cataracts

Cataracts generally develop without pain or redness. Some symptoms of cataracts might include:

  • Foggy or blurry vision
  • Difficulty seeing at night
  • Seeing halos around lights
  • Muted color vision
  • Sensitivity to light

Cataract growth can be slowed by protecting the eyes from UV rays. A great pair of sunglasses can help! Eating foods rich in antioxidants like blueberries, apples, artichokes, and dark green veggies like kale and broccoli may also help to prevent cataracts.

Often, obstructions to vision as a result of cataracts can be remedied through corrective lenses. But, cataracts can increase in size and may get to a point where glasses or contact lenses no longer provide the vision you want. In this case, we may recommend surgery.

If you’re having a difficult time driving or performing your job safely, are struggling to watch television or read, or are experiencing challenges with daily activities that are decreasing your quality of life, it might be time to explore surgery.

Cataract surgery is safe and effective, and we will ensure you understand the procedure and your options.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) causes the breakdown of the macula, the area of the eye responsible for central vision. Damage to the macula can lead to central vision loss.

The central vision is responsible for reading, writing, driving, and recognizing faces, so any loss of vision in this area may make day-to-day tasks difficult.

People with AMD may not experience any pain or symptoms as the disease progresses. If straight lines begin to appear wavy or your central vision blurs in a way that cannot be corrected by glasses, it’s time for an eye exam.

There are 2 types of AMD:

Dry AMD

Dry AMD is the most common type of AMD, accounting for 90% of cases. It occurs when parts of the macula become thinner due to aging and accumulate tiny clumps of protein.

The less common type of the disease, Wet AMD, is responsible for the majority of cases of blindness as a result of AMD. Wet AMD occurs when blood vessels grow under the retina, burst, and leak fluid into the macula.

We’re on the Lookout for Early Signs of Eye Disease

Regular, comprehensive eye exams are the best defence against eye diseases that can cause irreversible vision loss.

Book your appointment today and let us examine your eyes for early signs of eye disease.

Book Appointment

Come Visit Us

Our Address

  • 268 Stewart Green SW
  • Calgary, AB T3H 3C8

Contact Information

Hours of Operation

Book Appointment

Our Blogs

How Heat Can Cause Dry Eye During Winter

Dry Eye Treatment, Eye Health

As the crisp, cold winter air sets in, many of us retreat indoors to the cozy warmth of our heated homes. However, while we hide from the winter chill, we may unwittingly expose our eyes to an often-overlooked culprit behind dry eye symptoms: indoor heat! Space heaters and furnaces can remove the humidity from your […]

Read More…

February 17, 2024
Focus West Optometry

Dry Eye at Work: How to Find Relief

Dry Eye Treatment

You are not alone if you struggle with dry eyes while at work. Many people experience dry eye symptoms, such as burning, redness, and blurred vision, due to work-related factors like digital eye strain and a dry office environment.  While it may seem like a minor inconvenience, untreated dry eyes can lead to more severe […]

Read More…

February 13, 2024
Focus West Optometry

How Do You Know If You Need Reading Glasses?

Frames & Lenses, Presbyopia

Over time, our eyes undergo changes that can make daily tasks more difficult. One of the most common vision changes is the need for reading glasses. But how do you know when it’s time to get reading glasses? You may need reading glasses if you’re developing eye strain, you find it difficult to see close […]

Read More…

January 5, 2024
Focus West Optometry
A woman in warm clothes rubbing her eyes.

As the crisp, cold winter air sets in, many of us retreat indoors to the cozy warmth of our heated homes. However, while we hide from the winter chill, we may unwittingly expose our eyes to an often-overlooked culprit behind dry eye symptoms: indoor heat! Space heaters and furnaces can remove the humidity from your […]

Read More…

A man at a desk with a laptop rubbing his eyes because of dry eye symptoms he feels while working.

You are not alone if you struggle with dry eyes while at work. Many people experience dry eye symptoms, such as burning, redness, and blurred vision, due to work-related factors like digital eye strain and a dry office environment.  While it may seem like a minor inconvenience, untreated dry eyes can lead to more severe […]

Read More…

A woman having trouble reading a book and squinting to see better.

Over time, our eyes undergo changes that can make daily tasks more difficult. One of the most common vision changes is the need for reading glasses. But how do you know when it’s time to get reading glasses? You may need reading glasses if you’re developing eye strain, you find it difficult to see close […]

Read More…

instagram facebook facebook2 pinterest twitter google-plus google linkedin2 yelp youtube phone location calendar share2 link star-full star star-half chevron-right chevron-left chevron-down chevron-up envelope fax